The Bapedi nation has a rich culture history with many rituals still being observed today.
Initiation is a rite of passage ceremony marking entrance or acceptance into a group or society. It is a formal admission to adulthood in a community also signifies a transformation in which the initiate is 'reborn' into a new role. The initiation done in the Bapedi tribe is regarded as a stage where a boy is to be taught manhood and a girl to be taught womanhood. Boys take about 3–4 months participating in initiation rites and girls take about 1–2 months. During this time they are taught the cultural practices and rites by the leader of each school (Rabadia) who is appointed a king, kgoši or headman.
It is because of their dependence on cattle for their everyday livelihood, that cattle imagery dominated their language in idioms, praise songs, poetry and speech. Cattle represented a concrete expression of Pedi wealth. They therefore dominated such ceremonies and intra- and inter-tribal matters as funerals, marriage, initiation, court fines, song, ancestor worship and traditional rituals.